Skin diseases are one of the most common afflictions in the world. There are many different types of skin diseases, and they can affect people of all ages. Some skin diseases are caused by infections, while others are the result of genetic disorders or environmental factors. Many skin diseases can be treated with medication or surgery, but some are chronic conditions that require lifelong care.
Skin diseases can cause a great deal of discomfort and embarrassment for those who suffer from them. In addition to the physical symptoms, skin diseases can also have a negative impact on a person’s emotional well-being. People who have skin diseases often feel self-conscious about their appearance and may avoid social activities or public places.
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for skin diseases, and the best approach depends on the individual case. Here are some of the common skin diseases list with pictures:
Skin Diseases List With Pictures
1. Acne vulgaris
Acne vulgaris is a skin condition that affects the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. It is characterized by the presence of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules, pustules, and nodules.
Acne can be caused by a variety of factors, including excess sebum production, abnormal desquamation of the skin cells, Propionibacterium acnes infection, and hormones.
The incidence of acne is highest in young adults and tends to decrease with age. Acne can cause significant psychological distress, leading to decreased self-esteem and social withdrawal. Treatment options include topical and oral medications, chemical peels, laser therapy, and surgery.
2. Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)
Atopic dermatitis is a skin disorder that affects up to 20% of infants and children. It is characterized by dry, itchy skin, which often flares up during times of stress or illness.
Many cases can be controlled with good hygiene practices and over-the-counter medications, but some people require prescription medication to keep their symptoms under control. Atopic dermatitis can also lead to other health problems, such as asthma and hay fever.
3. Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Shingles is a viral infection that causes a painful skin rash. The rash typically appears on one side of the body and is blistered and red. Shingles can occur in anyone who has had chickenpox, but it is most common in people over 60 years old. There is no cure for shingles, but treatment can help relieve symptoms.
4. Hives (Urticaria)
Hives (Urticaria) is an itchy rash that appears on the skin. The rash can be caused by a number of things, including allergies, infections, and stress. It is not contagious. Hives can occur anywhere on the body, but they are most commonly found on the arms, legs, and face.
The rash can vary in size and shape, and it may be red or white. Hives usually go away on their own within a few days, but they can sometimes last for weeks or months. If you have hives, you can treat them with over-the-counter medications or with prescription drugs.
Every year, millions of people suffer from the pain and discomfort of sunburn. Sunburn is a skin injury caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. UV radiation can damage the skin in many ways, including:
The best way to protect yourself from the harmful effects of UV radiation is to wear sunscreen. Sunscreen should be applied liberally 30 minutes before going outside and reapplied every two hours. It’s also important to wear clothing that covers your skin and to seek shade when possible.
6. Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is a skin condition that is caused by contact with an allergen or irritant. It can cause red, itchy skin, and may lead to blisters.
The condition can be treated with topical creams or ointments, and in some cases, oral medication may be necessary. Contact dermatitis is a common condition and can occur in any area of the body that is exposed to an allergen or irritant
7. Diaper Rash
Diaper rash is a skin condition that can develop in babies and toddlers who wear diapers. The rash is usually red and bumpy and can cause itching, burning, and soreness.
What causes diaper rash? There are several things that can cause diaper rash, including wet or soiled diapers, diarrhea, constipation, yeast infection, and sensitivity to certain types of diapers or laundry detergents.
How can I treat diaper rash? There are several ways to treat diaper rash, including changing your child’s diet, using a barrier cream or ointment, and letting your child go without a diaper for short periods of time.
Rosacea is a skin condition that causes redness on the face. It can also cause bumps and pimples and sometimes leads to swelling and skin erosion.
The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it is thought to be related to the body’s immune system. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated with medications and lifestyle changes.
9. Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer in humans. BCC arises from basal cells, which are found in the deepest layer of the epidermis. The vast majority of BCCs are cured by surgery, but a small percentage can be fatal if not treated.
Risk factors for BCC include ultraviolet radiation exposure and a family history of the disease. Symptoms include a sore that does not heal, a lump or nodule on the skin, or a reddish patch on the skin.